Same Sex Couples - News and Information

A same-sex relationship is a relationship between two persons of the same sex and can take many forms, from romantic and sexual, to non-romantic homosocially-close relationships. The term is primarily associated with homosexual couples. Same-sex marriage refers to the institutionalized recognition of such couples.

The term same-sex relationship is not strictly related to the sexual orientation of the participants. As bisexual, pansexual, asexual, transsexual, androgynous and also heterosexual people may participate in same-sex relationships, some activists claim that referring to a same-sex relationship as a "gay relationship" or a "lesbian relationship" is a form of bisexual erasure.

The lives of many historical figures, including Socrates, Alexander the Great, Lord Byron, Edward II, Hadrian, Julius Caesar, Michelangelo, Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, Oscar Wilde, Vita Sackville-West, Alfonsina Storni and Christopher Marlowe are believed to have included love and sexual relationships with people of their own sex.

State protections and prohibitions regarding (romantic or sexual) same-sex couples vary by jurisdiction. In some locations, same-sex couples are extended full marriage rights just as opposite-sex couples, and in other locations they may be extended limited protections or none at all. Policy also varies regarding the adoption of children by same-sex couples.

Same-sex marriage

Fig 1. Chart shows similar longevity for same-sex marriages and heterosexual marriages
Fig 1. Chart shows similar longevity for same-sex marriages and heterosexual marriages

Also known as gay marriage, is marriage between two people of the same biological sex and/or gender identity. Legal recognition of same-sex marriage or the possibility to perform a same-sex marriage is sometimes referred to as marriage equality or equal marriage, particularly by supporters. The legalization of same-sex marriage is characterized as "redefining marriage" by many opponents.

Similar Longevity for Same-Sex Marriages and Heterosexual Marriages

Among couples with marriage-like commitments, same-sex couples have a similar break-up rate as heterosexual couples, according to a recent study. The study also found that same-sex couples with a marriage-like commitment have stable unions regardless of government recognition.

The findings come from a nationally representative survey of 3,009 couples (471 same-sex) who were followed between 2009 and 2013.

"The marriage commitment is associated with a strong benefit in couple stability for both heterosexual couples and same-sex couples", said Dr. Michael J. Rosenfeld, author of the Journal of Marriage and Family study

LGBT Parenting

LGBT parenting is when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are parents to one or more children, either as biological or non-biological parents. Same-sex male couples face options which include: "foster care, variations of domestic and international adoption, diverse forms of surrogacy (whether "traditional" or gestational), and kinship arrangements, wherein they might coparent with a woman or women with whom they are intimately but not sexually involved." LGBT parents can also include single people who are parenting; to a lesser extent, the term sometimes refers to families with LGBT children.

Important Dates

Sexual Diversity News and Information for Same Sex Couples

Cite This Document

No Difference in Outcomes Among Children Raised by Same-Sex and Different-Sex Parent Families - Study compared same-sex and different-sex parent households on child psychological well-being, parenting stress, and parents use of informal and formal support in child rearing


Guidance Protecting Transgender Youth and Young Adults From Discrimination Fact Sheet - Williams Institute fact sheet regarding U.S. Departments of Education and Justice withdrawal of legal guidance protecting transgender youth and young adults from discrimination in education


LGBTQ Advocates Condemn Shameful HB2.0 Proposal - New proposal introduced by Republican State Representative Chuck McGrady would prevent cities from passing meaningful non-discrimination protections


LGBT Awareness & Events
List of important LGBT awareness dates and coming sexual diversity events.


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Sexuality Definitions
List of definitions and glossary of sexual terms, abbreviations and their meanings.