Circumcision Survey Reveals Long-Term Harm and Human Rights Violations

Author: Genital Autonomy America
Published: Thursday 2nd March 2017
Summary: Survey of males circumcised at birth documents adverse adult outcomes and reveals considerable dissatisfaction and resentment about genital modification.

A new survey of men circumcised at birth documents wide-ranging adverse adult outcomes and reveals considerable dissatisfaction and resentment about the genital modification.

The International Journal of Human Rights published the findings this week in an article titled "Long-term adverse outcomes from neonatal circumcision reported in a survey of 1,008 men: an overview of health and human rights implications". The article was published at:

Most respondents were from the United States and were circumcised by physicians. Others were from Canada, Great Britain, Australia, Germany, Israel, and South Africa.

According to Genital Autonomy America, the World Health Organization estimates over two-thirds of the world's men are genitally intact (not circumcised).

Conducted in 2011 by independent researcher Tim Hammond and Adrienne Carmack, MD, the 44-question online survey explored physical, sexual, emotional, and self-esteem harm, as well as circumcision's impact on interpersonal relationships, compensatory behaviors, and foreskin restoration.

Documented adverse outcomes include:

In 2012 the American Academy of Pediatrics stated that circumcision's "benefits outweigh risks" yet admitted "the risks are unknown" and declined to recommend routine infant circumcision. Many survey respondents, however, assert the medically unnecessary and irreversible genital surgery violated their right to bodily integrity, declaring such an intensely personal decision should be left to the individual who must live with the consequences when old enough to understand the risks and provide his consent.

A 2012 United Nations Secretary-General report "Violating Children's Rights: Harmful practices based on tradition, culture, religion or superstition" identified female genital mutilation, infant male circumcision, and intersex genital surgeries as violating children's rights to bodily integrity and autonomy under the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

"I see a multitude of physical anomalies among circumcised boys and men in my urologic practice" said Carmack. Hammond notes, "The medical community has never researched long-term adverse consequences of infant circumcision. Such investigation is long overdue." Both authors stress that adult outcomes from infant circumcision are highly individualistic and are unpredictable when imposed on newborns.

Genital Autonomy America is a non-profit organization advocating for the rights of all children, male, female and intersex, to bodily integrity (

Similar Topics

From our Adolescent Boys section - Full List (5 Items)

Send us your coming events and LGBTQ related news stories.

Personal Essay: Born a Girl

Transgender People More Likely than Cisgender People to Face Food Insufficiency During Pandemic

Iceland, Norway, and the Netherlands have the Highest Levels of LGBTI Acceptance

More Than Half of American Indian and Alaskan Native LGBT Adults in the US have been Attacked in their Lifetime

Bi-Sexual and Dating: My Mom Had a Type

Access to Gender-Affirming Care Associated with Lower Suicide Risk for Transgender People

Mental Health of Black and Latinx LGBQ People Worsened After the 2016 Presidential Election

Majorities of People in 10 Countries Support Nondiscrimination Protections for Transgender People

LGBT Awareness & Events
List of important LGBT awareness dates and coming sexual diversity events.

Transgender Reporting Guide - English
Guide for those writing on transgender and LGBT community - Spanish Version.
Sexuality Definitions
List of definitions and glossary of sexual terms, abbreviations and their meanings.