This report expands the Williams Institute’s 2019 study, Social Acceptance of LGBT People in 174 Countries, to include information about attitudes towards transgender and intersex people.
“Understanding acceptance and rejection of LGBTI people lies at the heart of understanding violence, discrimination, and the many negative consequences that result from exclusion and unfair treatment,” said study author Andrew R. Flores, Visiting Scholar at the Williams Institute. “Stigma can affect how individuals view LGBTI people and influence how people view the laws and policies that impact them.”
- Australia and Oceania, North and South America, and Western Europe have had positive changes in their GAI scores since 1990.
- Countries have not experienced a uniform change in acceptance of LGBTI people and rights over time. For example,
- Brazil, Canada, Great Britain, and the U.S. have all increased their acceptance of LGBTI people and rights. However, Brazil and the U.S. have experienced a steady increase in acceptance, while Canada and Great Britain appear to have had a faster rate of change.
- In 2020, China, Iran, and Russia remain less accepting than many other countries. Acceptance in these countries is lower in 2020 than in 1990.
- Japan and India improved in average LGBTI acceptance until the mid-2000s. Since then, there has been a slight decline and leveling in LGBTI acceptance.
This document was produced as part of the Multi-Donor LGBTI Global Human Rights Initiative (GHRI), a five-year partnership between the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), Global Affairs Canada, the Astraea Lesbian Foundation for Justice, Equality Without Borders, the Williams Institute, and Franklin & Marshall College.
To read the report follow this link: Social Acceptance of LGBTI People in 175 Countries and Locations - Williams Institute
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