Majorities of People in 10 Countries Support Nondiscrimination Protections for Transgender People

Author: The Williams Institute
Published: Tuesday 10th August 2021
Summary: A new report series by the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law explores public opinion about transgender people and their rights in 10 countries.



A new report series by the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law explores public opinion about transgender people and their rights in 10 countries: Poland, South Korea, Malaysia, Turkey, Mexico, China, Peru, Serbia, South Africa, and the United States. In all 10 countries, majorities of respondents in each country believe transgender people should be protected from discrimination. Respondents from Mexico (83%) were the most supportive.

Using data from the 2017 Global Attitudes Toward Transgender People survey conducted by Ipsos, researchers collaborated with in-country experts to examine respondents’ familiarity with transgender people, as well as their attitudes toward transgender people and their rights, including the right to gender-affirming surgery, marry, serve in the military, adopt children, and use the restroom consistent with their gender identity.

Results show that the majority of respondents in each country agree that transgender people should be allowed to have gender-affirming surgery. In many countries, women and younger people were more likely to be supportive of transgender rights.

“There is a great deal of variability in socio-political climates among countries around the world, which may contribute to variations in attitudes toward transgender people and their rights,” said Ari Shaw, Director of International Programs at the Williams Institute. “While attitudes vary between nations and among different populations within a country, the overall support for nondiscrimination protections is a promising finding.”

“One of the strongest predictors of approval of transgender rights is whether people report having friends or family members who are transgender,” said series author Winston Luhur, research assistant at the Williams Institute. “As transgender people and the issues that affect them become more visible, more research is needed to understand how public opinion affects law and policy and vice versa. Future studies should also look into specific factors driving attitudes, law, and policy around transgender people in these countries and beyond.”

SELECTED FINDINGS
China


Malaysia


Mexico


Peru


Poland


Serbia


South Africa


South Korea


Turkey


United States


All reports are available in English and many reports also include one additional language commonly spoken in the country (e.g., Polish, Malay, Turkish, Spanish).


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The Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law, a think tank on sexual orientation and gender identity law and public policy, is dedicated to conducting rigorous, independent research with real-world relevance.


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