Screen Readers Skip to Content

LGB People Who Have Undergone Conversion Therapy Almost Twice As Likely to Attempt Suicide

Author: The Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law
Published: 17th Jun 2020
Peer-Reviewed Publication: N/A
Additional References: LGBT Counseling - Therapy Publications

Summary: Report finds non-transgender LGB people who experienced conversion therapy almost twice as likely to think about suicide and attempt suicide compared to their peers who hadn't experienced conversion therapy.


Main Document

A new report by the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law finds that non-transgender LGB people who experienced conversion therapy were almost twice as likely to think about suicide and to attempt suicide compared to their peers who hadn't experienced conversion therapy.

The Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law, a think tank on sexual orientation and gender identity law and public policy, is dedicated to conducting rigorous, independent research with real-world relevance.

Using a representative sample of sexual minorities in the U.S., researchers examined whether experiencing conversion therapy is associated with suicidal ideation and attempts among non-transgender (cisgender and gender non-binary) sexual minority people, including lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, and people who use other identity labels, such as queer.

Findings show 7% of LGB adults age 18-59 in the U.S. have experienced conversion therapy. The investigators also asked whether people received conversion therapy from a religious advisor, a health care provider, or both. An estimated 81% of people who have had conversion therapy received it from a religious leader, and 31% received it from a health care provider.

Conversion therapy is a discredited practice intended to change the sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression of LGBT people.

"Rather than being therapy, so-called 'conversion therapy' is a minority stressor that reinforces stigma and conveys that being LGB is abnormal, sinful, and should be rejected," said study senior author Ilan H. Meyer, Distinguished Senior Scholar of Public Policy at the Williams Institute. "We found that people who undergo conversion therapy are at increased risk of suicide ideation and attempts. This is a devastating outcome that goes counter to the purpose of therapy."

According to the study, LGB people who experienced adverse childhood experiences, such as physical, emotional, or sexual abuse, were more likely to have undergone conversion therapy than those who did not experience adverse childhood experiences. Undergoing conversion therapy was related to suicidality even after controlling for the effect of adverse childhood experiences.

Key Findings

The odds of experiencing conversion therapy were greater among people who as children lived with a parent or another adult who was depressed, mentally ill, or suicidal; lived in a household with parental intimate partner violence; or reported emotional, physical, or sexual abuse.

Currently, 20 states and Washington, D.C. have laws banning the practice of conversion therapy on youth by licensed health care professionals. These laws do not cover religious providers.

"Leading medical and social services organizations condemn the practice of conversion therapy as ineffective and harmful," said lead author John R. Blosnich, Assistant Professor with the Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work at the University of Southern California. "Outreach to the public on the harms of conversion therapy is needed, particularly in areas where the practice is commonly used."

About The Study

The report, "Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016--2018" appears in Research and Practice and is co-authored by John R. Blosnich, Ph.D., M.P.H., Emmett R. Henderson, M.S., Robert W.S. Coulter, Ph.D., M.P.H., Jeremy T. Goldbach, Ph.D., M.S.S.W, and Ilan H. Meyer, Ph.D.

Research reported in this report is part of the Generations study, supported by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) of the National Institutes of Health, under award number R01HD078526. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. The Generations investigators are Ilan H. Meyer, Ph.D., (PI, UCLA); David M. Frost, Ph.D., (University College London); Phillip L. Hammack, Ph.D., (UCSC); Marguerita Lightfoot, Ph.D., (UCSF); Stephen T. Russell, Ph.D. (University of Texas, Austin) and Bianca D.M. Wilson, Ph.D., (UCLA) Co-Investigators are listed alphabetically.

Contact dowd@law.ucla.edu for a copy of the study.

Post to Twitter Add to Facebook

Latest LGBT Counseling - Therapy Publications

The above information is from our reference library of resources relating to LGBT Counseling - Therapy that includes:

LGB People Who Have Undergone Conversion Therapy Almost Twice As Likely to Attempt Suicide thumbnail image.
Report finds non-transgender LGB people who experienced conversion therapy almost twice as likely to think about suicide and attempt suicide compared to their peers who hadn't experienced conversion therapy.
Publish Date: 17th Jun 2020
Talk Therapy Reduces Suicide Risk thumbnail image.
Repeat suicide attempts and deaths by suicide roughly 25% lower among people who underwent psychosocial counseling after suicide attempt.
Publish Date: 23rd Nov 2014
Seeking Help from Religious Counselors Associated with Increased Suicide Risk Among LGBT thumbnail image.
Black LGBs much more than White or Latino LGBs sought treatment in religious or spiritual settings prior to a suicide attempt.
Publish Date: 16th Nov 2014
Help for Sexual Issues and Relationships in Texas thumbnail image.
Vantage Point Counseling Services provides individual, group, and couples therapy to people struggling with chemical dependency and sexual addictions, as well as LGBT specific issues.
Publish Date: 21st Oct 2014 - Updated: 12th Feb 2015


1How Many Genders Are There?
Alphabetical list of gender identities.

2Transgender Reporting Guide
How to write about transgender people.

3Glossary of Sexuality Terms
Definitions of sexual terms & acronyms.

4Glossary of Sexual Identities
Definitions of gender related terms.

5Am I Gay? Questions to Ask
Think you may be gay or bisexual?

• Submissions: Send us your coming events and LGBTQ related news stories.


• Report Errors: Please report outdated or inaccurate information to us.



• (APA): The Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law. (2020, June 17). LGB People Who Have Undergone Conversion Therapy Almost Twice As Likely to Attempt Suicide. SexualDiversity.org. Retrieved May 27, 2024 from www.sexualdiversity.org/sexuality/therapy/907.php


• Permalink: <a href="https://www.sexualdiversity.org/sexuality/therapy/907.php">LGB People Who Have Undergone Conversion Therapy Almost Twice As Likely to Attempt Suicide</a>